What Is Software Development?

Computers and networks, smartwatches, smartphones, vehicles, video games and the myriad of applications that are part of our lives every day – all depend on software. These digital products and other are the creations of software developers. They are the creative minds behind these programs.

Software development is the process of taking the idea of a program from conception to its release. It is a systematic process that begins with a thorough requirements analysis. This transforms user requirements and wants into a working software system. The steps to software development follow in the process are laid out in the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). Adherence to this framework allows developers to develop superior software with better quality as well as lower costs and shorter time to production than other methods.

Every software development project has to include testing. It ensures that the applications function according to specifications and are not prone to errors. This can include functional testing tests, compatibility testing, regression testing and load tests depending on the scope of the application.

Performance testing is used for determining an application’s response times during peak and normal load, and also capacity. It evaluates how an application performs under changing numbers of simultaneous users and transactions. It also identifies the network or hardware capacity required to host the application.

New technologies requiring complex software programming are continually emerging which is increasing the need for developers. Examples include the internet of things, in which vehicles, homes and industrial machines communicate using sensors and microprocessors as well with artificial intelligence-powered programming which allows software to complete tasks like emulating human decision-making and learning.

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