Psychology and Computers

Some view psychology and computers as two distinct fields with very little in common. The general consensus is that computer science is a discipline with strong research culture that is based on quantitative research while psychology is rooted in qualitative studies of human behavior and perception.

In fact, much of the modern computer science is inspired by psychology. Psychologists and computer scientists collaborate to develop technology interfaces. This includes everything from dashboards for cars to cockpits computers operating systems, and even game controllers. Also, a large portion of psychological research is heavily statistical and requires sophisticated software to process huge data sets.

Psychologists are increasingly utilizing technology to expand their reach. The traditional methods of research in psychology, which are based on examining one aspect of behavior in a controlled environment or assessing broader patterns of behavior through interviews or self-report questionnaires, have inherent limitations. (Experiments are typically limited to a single experiment while longitudinal studies are uncommon due to the difficulty of collecting and analyzing large volumes of data.)

Computer technology has provided new ways to understand the behavior of individuals. For instance, the brain-imaging technique fMRI would not be possible without computers. The Resources technology enables researchers to match specific parts of the brain with specific cognitive processes, like reading or memory. EEG (electroencephalography) is another example of a technology that uses computer processing to record and analyze brain activity.

Additionally it is the case that the UK’s National Health Service now recognizes the CCBT (computerized cognitive behavioral therapy) as a viable treatment for moderate-to-moderate symptoms of anxiety and depression. And artificial intelligence (AI) is set to revolutionize the practice of psychotherapy by replacing the therapist with robots that are able to assess and treat patients online.

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